UN–Water in the year 2013, proposed a common definition of water security as “the capacity of a population to safeguard sustainable access to adequate quantities of acceptable quality water for sustaining livelihoods, human well-being, and socio-economic development, for ensuring protection against water-borne pollution and water-related disasters, and for preserving ecosystems in a climate of peace and political stability” (UNWater, 2013).
The definition provides a common framework for collaboration across the UN system. It encapsulates complex and interconnected challenges and highlights water’s centrality for achieving a sense of security, sustainability, development and human well-being, from the local to the international level.
The above concept operates at all levels, from individual, household and community, to local, sub-national, national, regional and international settings, & ensures the variability of water availability over time.
Along with taking up interventions for becoming water secure it is equally important to evaluate the water status – water positive, water negative, water neutral.